What Is Reunification Day In Vietnam And How It's Celebrated?
Every nation in the world has a great history such as a different number of rulers in different periods, numerous wars which have taken place, different achievements. A nation marks its important occasions as national festivals, these are anniversaries of some of the key events which are really important for the nation. Vietnam is one of the Asian countries which although seems small but is a great nation that has a great cultural heritage, a very significant past, and is home to some of the most beautiful natural sites in the world.
The national festivals are certain important occasions which are important for the whole of nations, these days mark important events which have occurred in the history of a particular nation. On these days, there is a public holiday in the entire region; people pay tribute to war heroes and pay respect to their national heritage. We always owe a debt to the land we are born at, as we get all the resources for our survival through that land, National Festivals play an important role in enduring the value of love for the country and patriotism among the citizens.
What is Reunification Day?
Vietnam is a country that is although small but is quite important and is home to more than 96 million people. The country has had a golden history and it consists of some of the greatest historic and natural sites in the world. Vietnam has a great cultural heritage too and thus, it is a great spot for tourism. The country was also involved in one of the longest war periods ever and thus, it also has some great sights to venture into the history of the Vietnam war such as war memorials, old bases, bunkers, tunnels, and more.
Although the country has moved on and improved to a great extent since the war, it still preserves the scars which it had in the past. The bloodshed which the country suffered is almost unforgettable. The greatest national event which the Vietnamese people celebrate is the Reunification Day which is also known as the Liberation day and this marks the date on which the Vietnam War was officially over. The day marks the Victory of the nation and is an event of immense pride for the people of Vietnam as they held the ground against one of the greatest superpowers of the world, i.e. the USA.
History of the Reunification Day
One of the darkest periods in which the country suffered was during the Vietnam War which was between North and South Vietnam along with its ally the United States of America. The war started back in the year 1954 and it is said that during the war almost 3 million people were killed out of which more than half were Vietnamese civilians.
The war finally was over after the United States withdrew its troops in 1973 and later in the year 1975 the North Vietnamese forces captured Saigon (now known as Ho Chi Minh City). The city, therefore, celebrates a two day holiday on the occasion of the Reunification or the Liberation day in Vietnam which is observed on 30th April which was the day when the Saigon government fell on this day back in 1975 and later on July 2nd, 1976 both the countries united forming the present-day Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
Importance of Reunification Day in Vietnam
The Reunification Day is known as 'Ngày Thống nhất' in Vietnam and it is an occasion of immense national pride and celebration of the biggest victory of the nation as on this day one of the most brutal wars of the world ended, forming an everlasting peace in the nation.
This day is followed by Labour Day and hence all the banks, private and government offices, schools, and colleges remain close. And people celebrate this holiday along with their families and hoist the Vietnamese flag is hoisted in houses all over the country. On this day military processions also take place in the city of Hanoi and their parades are carried out in Ho Chi Minh City to celebrate this day of immense national pride.
How is The Reunification Day Celebrated in Vietnam?
The locals celebrate the holiday along with their families; they hear patriotic songs and pay tributes to the sacrifice of the people who died during the war. The tourists’ spots, hotels, and restaurants also remain busy as the locals go out with their family and friends to relax on this holiday.
Multiple competitions related to the origin and meanings of Reunification Day are held in different parts of the country to draw public attention. The prior week of the Reunification Day, the streets in big cities like Hanoi, Hue, Da Nang, and Ho Chi Minh City are decorated with colorful banners, flags, and neon lights. Different areas are also prepared where the parades will be carried out on the day, and fireworks also happen on this day.
Celebrations In Different Places Of Vietnam
Some of the grand shows which take place in the city are:
Hai Phong is the third-largest city of Vietnam and is nothing less than Hanoi, it consists of a lot of attractions such as the Du Hang Buddhist Temple, Nghe Temple, Hang Kenh Communal House, and multiple well-liked resorts, bars, and much more to enjoy the nightlife.
On the occasion of Reunification Hai Phong conducts multiple events for celebration, such as a tourism festival which usually occurs on themes like “Do Son-The Heritage Area” various beach tours also occur on the 30th of April for the local and international tourists.
Hanoi is the capital city of Vietnam and is one of the places which can give you the taste of the real Vietnamese lifestyle. The travelers although can find great destinations to explore the art and culture of Vietnam from the different famous museums such as the Vietnam Museum of Ethnology which also organizes different competitions and folk games in order to celebrate Reunification day.
The rural district of Son Tay in the Hanoi region is the center for exploring the ethnic culture of Vietnam organizes traditional festivals around the reunification day recreating the mountain markets under the theme of ‘Lai Chau Colours’.
The city of Hue which was formerly known as Panduranga is one of Vietnam's most historic cities. The place is filled with great historic structures which date back all the way from the 19th century during the reign of Nguyen emperors. You can sit by the beautiful Perfume River, which divides the city into two halves. Other prime attractions of the city include Ngo Mon Gate, The Citadel, which is one of the most famous structures, The Thai Hoa Palace which has a great display of fine detailing inside, another famous landmark is the Thien Mu Pagoda.
The city of Hue celebrated the traditional crafts and artistic heritage of Vietnam, the city organizes various festivals which last from 3-5 days around Reunification Day. These festivals promote the iconic Vietnamese hats, jewelry, clothing, and other items which are iconic parts of its culture. These festivals also feature performances from local and international performers and Vietnamese cuisine is also an important part of these festivals which occur in Hue.
Ho Chi Minh City
Saigon, the capital of once existing South Taiwan which is known as the Ho Chi Minh City has hundreds of destinations such as war memorials, museums, parks, war remnants, and some of the greatest shopping spots in entire Vietnam. The city obviously has a great history because of the Vietnam War, and people visit to commemorate the war heroes and people who sacrificed their lives for the country on the Reunification Day
Moreover, the city also has a great number of attractions such as temples, museums, and parks. The city is a special treat for all the history buffs as it offers great war remains, sites such as the Cu Chi tunnels, the Reunification Palace which is also known as the independence palace, and many other historic memorials from the Vietnam war. On Reunification Day an enormous show of fireworks also takes place in Ho Chi Minh City.
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People Also Ask
1. What anniversary will it be this year of Reunification Day?
On the 30th of April 2021, Vietnam will celebrate the 45th anniversary of the Reunification Day which marks its liberation and reunification of North and South Vietnam which happened back in the year 1975.
2. Why did the US get involved in Vietnam?
As North Vietnam was a communist part of the country, and the South wasn’t, the USA joined hands with it to prevent the spread of communism in the country.
3. What is the biggest holiday in Vietnam?
The biggest holiday which is celebrated in the country is The Lunar New Year festival which is popularly known as Tet in the country. It is the biggest festival in the country, and the holiday period for this festival ranges from 6-7 days.
4. How long did the Vietnam War last?
The Vietnam War, which is considered one of the most gruesome wars in the history of the world started back in the year 1956 when the USA joined hands with South Vietnam and invaded the northern part of the country to fight the communist forces, the USA troops left the country later in the year 1973 after which the Northern Vietnam forces regained the capital of Saigon in the year 1975 when the war was officially over making it last for 19 years.
By Jatin Shewaramani: Vouchers Portal VN